Mahajanga is on the Betsiboka River , which then leads to Bombetoka Bay. The city has a sizable Muslim population. In , it was the scene of ethnic unrest, forcing the evacuation of the Comorian minority living there. Mahajanga is also the seat of a Roman Catholic Diocese Cathedral of the Holy Heart of Mary.
Since , World Christian Broadcasting has operated shortwave radio station MWV Madagascar World Voice , a sister station of KNLS in Alaska, USA. The African baobab tree near the coast is the largest specimen in Madagascar, having a circumference of 21 metres 69 ft , and is the symbol of the city. Its age is unknown, but it is usually said to be — years old. It was once used as a site of important meetings, and, in the 19th century, as a site for executions.
It is said that to honor the Malagasy ancestors, anyone who visits it must walk around it seven times. According to Jane Hooper, "Since the tenth century, ports in the north of Madagascar, home to an Islamized population, had attracted merchants and migrants from East Africa, the Middle East, and even the Far East.
At least a dozen ports were identified in northern Madagascar by the late fifteenth century by the Arab geographer Ibn Mājid By the early eighteenth century, Andriamandisoarivo, with the support of his eight-hundred-man army, founded a new Sakalava dynasty in the north which he named Volamena, meaning red money or gold. His descendants were known as the Zafibolamena, children of the Volamena. He died in the northern city of Bezavo around , having cemented his name in traditions as the founder of a powerful new kingdom.
His kingdom contained the port of Mazalagem Nova, or Massaliege, already a prosperous center for trade, as well as the new ports of Boina and Mahajanga Majunga One English captain described the northwestern town of Mahajanga as a bustling, cosmopolitan port in Within the city, the Sakalava rulers allowed Muslims to practice their religion freely. In return, the Sakalava instituted a series of trading controls. A Sakalava queen married an East African or Comorian man around the middle of the eighteenth century, according to English and Dutch reports.
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Sakalava kings and queens also incorporated Islamic beliefs and rituals into their practice of divine kingship and some converted to Islam by the early nineteenth century. In the s, a community of roughly Muslim traders from the Indian Subcontinent had formed at Mahajanga at the mouth of the Betsiboka River, according to French traveler Dumaine. Thus, the etymology of the word "Mahajanga" may be Indic.
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Their dhows, which they used to transport goods to and from the African mainland, flew French flags. Initial arrivals were mainly Muslim Khojas, Ismailis and Daoudi Bohras, with some Hindus settling later. Following the nationalisation of private businesses in the s, many were compelled to leave; those who remained were largely uneducated but stayed on and gradually built their businesses. In December , a cyclone hit Mahajanga, causing significant damage to the port facilities and to some buildings on or near the coast.
The city has an airfield which the British used to station Shackleton aircraft to support the Beira Patrol from May Mahajanga II is an administrative district surrounding but separate from the city which is Mahajanga I. Its population was 77, in Mahajanga has a tropical savanna climate Köppen Aw with two distinct seasons: a humid, rainy wet season from November to mid-April, and a sunny, less humid and practically bone-dry dry season for the remaining six-and-a-half months. Cyclones can occur during the wet season, producing very heavy rain and extensive erosion.
The University of Mahajanga is located in Ambondrona campus.
Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infection in Mahajanga, Madagascar: First Case Report
A regional centre for distance education CRTE of the Centre National de Télé-Enseignement de Madagascar CNETMAD is also located in Mahajanga. French international schools:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infection in Mahajanga, Madagascar: First Case Report.
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District and city in Boeny, Madagascar. District and city. Coat of arms. Climate data for Mahajanga Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C °F Retrieved 24 July A History of the Royal Navy: Empire and Imperialism. Lonely Planet - Mahajanga, Madagascar.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History. This article was most recently revised and updated by Melissa Albert , Research Editor. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Madagascar , island country lying off the southeastern coast of Africa.
Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world, after Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo. Although located some miles km from the African continent,….
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Boina , short-lived kingdom of the Sakalava people in western Madagascar. The Sakalava, who originated in southern Madagascar, migrated up the west coast in the midth century under the leadership of Andriandahifotsy. When he died, one of his sons succeeded to the rule of southwestern Madagascar the kingdom of Menabé. The other….
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